SouthendwasoftenusedbytheGermanbombersasadumpinggroundfortheirbombloadsduringthewariftheirprimarytarget was not possible to hit, there were too many of these incidents to list. There were 1236 air raid warnings.December1914:SouthendreceivesthefirstairraidinthecountryoftheFirstWorldWar,alonebomberflewoverthetowndropping rust rivets. The first real bombs of the war were dropped on Dover on 14th December 1914.Sunday 9th & Monday 10th May 1915: Air raid.Wednesday 26th May 1915: The Zeppelin returns. Sunday 12th August 1917: The streets ran with blood.Monday 13th August 1917: Love Lane bombed.Friday 24th August 1917: Southend bombed, Guildford Road area.Monday20thNovember1939:HeinkelfloatplanesfromKostenfliegerstaffel3/906(coastalreconnaissancesquadron)laymagnetic mines in Estuary.Tuesday21stNovember1939:HeinkelfloatplanesfromKostenfliegerstaffel3/906(coastalreconnaissancesquadron)returnandlay more magnetic mines in Estuary.Wednesday22ndNovember1939:SouthendPierattackedbyGermanbombers14magneticminesrecovered,Southendanchorage Eastern Section out of action for 4 months.Thursday 23rd November 1939: Magnetic Mines found off Southend, mine detonates in mouth of Thames.17th December 1939: 5 ships mined in Southend anchorage (incoming convoy).Monday 5th February 1940 -Tuesday 6th February 1940: Southend bombed.Saturday18thMay1940:TwoGermanbombersattackSouthendscoringdirecthitsontheNoreYachtclubwreckingitand destroying a Billet near the airfield killing 10 soldiers.Tuesday 18th June 1940: Southend bombed.Wednesday 19th June 1940: Shoeburyness bombed, 1 killed.Friday 12th July 1940: Convoy bombed during muster off Southend.Saturday 13th July 1940: Mines laid in Thames Estuary.Friday 19th July 1940: 15 raids on Estuary.Saturday 20th July 1940: RAF Rochford bombed.Sunday 21st July 1940: Mines laid in Thames Estuary.Monday 22nd July 1940: Shipping bombed in Estuary.Tuesday 23rd July 1940: Mines laid in Thames Estuary.Thursday 25th July 1940: Mines laid in Thames Estuary.Friday 26th July 1940: Estuary bombed.Sunday 28th July 1940: Mines laid in Thames Estuary.Monday 29th July 1940: Mines laid in Thames Estuary.Wednesday 31st July 1940: Mines laid in Thames Estuary. Southend bombed, RAF Rochford bombed.Thursday 1st August 1940: Mines laid in Thames Estuary.Friday 2nd August 1940: Mines laid in Thames Estuary.Tuesday 6th August 1940: Mines laid in Thames Estuary.Wednesday 7th August 1940: Mines laid in Thames Estuary. Localised raids on Southend area.Thursday 8th August 1940: Mines laid in Thames Estuary.Friday 9th August 1940: Mines laid in Thames Estuary.Saturday 10th August 1940: Southend bombed with most falling on mud near the gas works.Sunday 11th August 1940: Two raids of 100 aircraft attack convoys at muster in Thames Estuary at 11:48am.Monday12thAugust1940:Estuaryconvoysbombed25+aircraftattacktwoconvoysatanchorat11:01.HMTrawlersPyropekand Tamarisk sunk.Tuesday 13th August 1940: Southend Pier bombed, RAF Rochford bombed.Friday 16th August 1940: Raids on Estuary.Saturday 17th August 1940: Lone fighter bomber in nuisance raid over Southend.Sunday18thAugust1940:RaidsonThamesEstuarybetween17:40-18.00;54bomberraidsonShoeburyness4housesdestroyed, water-mainssignal-box7railtracksalsodestroyed3killed,1Raidershotdown1Germanairmanfounddeadonbeach2ndinjured, RAF Hurricane shot down in Thames Estuary, pilot rescued.Monday 19th August 1940: 15 recognizance aircraft make aggressive observations of Southend and the Thames Estuary.Tuesday 20th August 1940: Raid of 110 bombers driven off from attack on Southend.Thursday 22nd August 1940: Mines laid in Thames Estuary.Monday 26th August 1940: RAF Rochford bombed.Tuesday 27th August 1940: Mines laid in Thames Estuary between 04:00-04:40.Wednesday28thAugust1940:RAFRochfordbombedheavilyby15He111'sat13;00hrsdropping15tonsofhighexplosivesmost landingontheairfieldbutsomedofallaroundthesite.9raiderswereshotdownoneoftheraidingbomberscrashlandsonthe airfield.Theairfieldwasforcedtocloseatnightandhavesingleaircrafttakingoffandlandingatday-lightduetothedamageto buildingsfiresanddamagetorunways.RaidontheThamesEstuarysees12outof100raidersshotdownbetween15:50-16:45.Two womenarekilledintheVictoriaareaofthetownbyastraybombduring.AraidontheThamesEstuaryby60aircraftat19:00hrs with one being shot down.Thursday 29th August 1940: RAF Rochford remains closed due to time delay bombs.Friday 30th August 1940: Thames Estuary bombed.Saturday 31st August 1940: RAF Rochford bombed.August1940:ClaimsmadebyNaziwarmongersthatRAFRochfordhadbeenobliterated,byanairraidwhatwasleftwasamassof smoking burning ruins. Raid by 21 He111's "stick raid" from shore-end of the pier to airfield.August1940:AirBattleoverSouthendduringraidseesaGermanaircraftshotdowncrashingontoLifstansWay2crewparachuted outlandingonThorpeBayGolfClubandonthemudopposite,2werefounddeadinthewreckandanotherdeadhangingfromatree by his parachute.Sunday 1st September 1940: RAF Rochford unserviceable due to craters after raid.Monday 2nd September 1940: Thames Estuary raid.Tuesday 3rd September 1940: Thames Estuary raid.Wednesday 4th September 1940: Heavy raids on the Thames Estuary.Thursday 5th September 1940: Mines dropped.Saturday 7th September 1940: RAF Rochford attacked and left unserviceable for short time.Tuesday 17th September 1940: Thames Estuary mined.Thursday19thSeptember1940:Southend,Southchurch,bombed,oneGermanshotdown7housesdestroyedElectricgaswater ruptured with gas fire igniting later by HE Bombs during 10:00am raid.Saturday 21st September 1940: Fighter sweeps along Estuary & Southend.Wednesday25thSeptember1940:Ju88shotdownduringraidonSouthend,RochfordcrashingintoEstuary.1940hrs;minesalso dropped in Estuary.Saturday 28th September 1940: RAF Rochford bombed. Convoys in Estuary attacked.Monday 30th September 1940: Mines dropped in Thames Estuary.Autumn 1940: Southend Hospital dive-bombed.Friday 4th October 1940: Thames Estuary mined.Sunday 6th October 1940: Southend Thames Estuary raids by solo aircraft.Monday 7th October 1940: Thames Estuary mined.Tuesday 8th October 1940: Convoy attacked in Thames Estuary.Thursday 10th October 1940: HMS Venetia. Destroyer, mined in the Thames Estuary, Westcliff bombed Fleetwood Ave area.Sunday 13th October 1940: Southend bombed near Kursaal.Thursday 17th October 1940: Thames Estuary mined.Sunday 20th October 1940: Shoebury raided.Thursday 24th October 1940: Thames Estuary mined.Friday25thOctober1940:ThamesEstuaryconvoyattackedat1740hrs,helpwasansweredby4Spitfiresbutraidersflewoffbefore interception was made.Saturday 26th October 1940: Southend raided; Thames Estuary mined.Sunday 27th October 1940: Thames Estuary mined.Tuesday 29th October 1940: Thames Estuary mined.Wednesday 30th October 1940: 12 mine-laying raids reported in Thames Estuary.Tuesday 12th November 1940: Southend bombed.Tuesday 19th November 1940: Southend bombed.Wednesday 27th November 1940: Southend bombed.November 1940: Dornier crash lands on airfield.Sunday8thDecember1940-Sunday15thDecember1941:AlargeconvoybeginstomusterintheEstuary,overtheweek350LX Luftkorps bombers bomb the fleet each aircraft carried two mines.Monday 9th December 1940: Southend, Westcliff & Leigh bombed.Thursday12thDecember1940-Friday13thDecember1941:Duringthenightofthe12thandtheearlyhoursofthe13thnofewer than 93 LX Luftkorps bombers arrive over the Estuary.Thursday 19th December 1940: Tanker Mined in Thames Estuary.Late 1940: Block of flats suffers direct hit.Tuesday 7th January 1941: Hit & Run attack on RAF Rochford eight fifty-kilo bombs dropped.Thursday 9th January 1941: Southend bombed.Monday 13th January 1941: Estuary bombed.Sunday19thJanuary1941:Five-hundredincendiariesdroppedonSouthend,Westcliff,Chalkwell,&LeighafterGermanbombers areforcedtoturnbackfromanattackonLondonbyheavyAck-Ackfireandincreasedpatrolsbynightfighters,thetownwashit aftertheNazibombersfailedtolocatetheairfieldandEstuaryBombedbydelayedactionbombsandland-minesdroppedonThorpe Bay.Tuesday4thFebruary1941:Southendbombed,CampbellRoad,YorkRoad,TylersAvenuetheLondonTavernwasbadlydamaged seven killed and 60ft crater created.Tuesday February 1941: Southend Pier Railway station hit bomb coaches destroyed & damaged.Sunday March 1941: Lone dive bomber hits Southend Hospital ward for elderly men.Saturday19thApril1941:Para-minedroppedonVardonDrive,18bungalowsdestroyed175damaged;500incendiariesdroppedon Leigh, 9 houses destroyed, 350 damaged, 3 people killed.Sunday11thMay1941:RAFRochfordbombedby18divebombersoneoftheaircraftdidnotpulloutofitsdiveintimeandcrashed in to a hanger.Sunday 18th May 1941: Two low flying German aircraft hit the Nore Yacht Club, 10 Soldiers killed in Billet after direct hit.Thursday 5th June 1941: Naval Tug ASH mined and sunk.Tuesday 1st July 1941: Luftwaffe sows acoustic mines in the Estuary.November 1941: Shipping attacked in Estuary three boats damaged.November1941:LargePara-minedroppedonColemansAvenue,Prittlewelldestroyingmostofthestreet760otherbuildings damaged 1 killed 30 injured.Saturday 20th - Sunday 21st December 1941: Shoeburyness Land-mines dropped.Friday 9th January 1942: HMS Vimiera destroyer. Mined in the Thames Estuary.Monday11thMay1942:ThelargestraidyetbytheMe109fighterbombersoftheJG26takesplacewiththemainforceattacking Southend.Wednesday 1st July 1942: Acoustic mines dropped in Thames Estuary.Monday10thOctober1942:SouthendbombedLondonHotel,R.A.JonesandtheCashClothingStoreallintheHighStreethitanda loneMesserschmittBF109dropsbombsontheseafrontareaofthetownthegunnershootingindiscriminatelyatcivilianskilling four men and injuring a further forty-six people.Monday19thOctober1942:LoneBf110raidersneaksupEstuaryandshootsuptheHighStreetwithmachinegunfire&dropping bombskillingwellknowSouthendresidentsArchitectD.H.Burns,AccountantCharlesPrideauxandCashClothingStoremanager WilliamChandier.3rdMarch1943:StAugustine'sChurchHallwrecked;Prosperousbombs,HEIncendiariesdroppedoverLeigh Westcliff Southend Thorpe bay Southchurch & Shoebury.Wednesday 3rd - Thursday 4th March 1943: Raid on Southend assorted bomb loads.March 1943: RAF Rochford dive bombed.Tuesday9thFebruary1943:LoneDorinerD0217sneaksinunderpatrollingaircraftduringverypoorweatherandshootsupthe airfield before escaping.Wednesday3rdMarch-Thursday4thMarch1943:SouthendattackedbyJu88.sandDo217bombers,AAsiteatShoeburynessshot down a Ju88.Friday 13th August 1943: Air raid on Southend.October 1943: 1 Killed in artillery accident after shell fails to explode at altitude during rail falling and exploding on Hall Cottage.November 1943: 3 Killed in Artillery accident after shell falls short and hits house during air raid.Friday 10th December 1943: Southend bombed St Vincent's Road, St Bernard's High school and high street.Sunday12thDecember1943:1000kgbombsraidSouthendbombedStBernard'sHighSchool,AvenueRoadBaptistChurch,both badly damaged houses also hit but were empty, three killed, forty six injured.Friday 4th February 1944: London Road Fleetwood Avenue area of Westcliff bombed 8/70 raiders shot down.Saturday 29th June 1944: Southend bombed by 4000 incendiaries and sticks of heavy phosphorus, five Germans were shot down.One night, March 1944: 3000 Incendiary dropped, & two containers of 1000+ found in Southend Shoebury area.One night, March 1944: War department offices in Shoebury bombed 7 buildings damaged by fire 1300 incendiaries collected.August 1944: V1 kills 8 in Southend.Thursday 17th October 1944: Southend hit by Doodlebugs.October 1944: V2 rocket falls 60 yards west of the pier.December 1944: V1 Hits Eastwood 200 homes damaged.DateUnknown:V2rocketscoresdirecthitonthepierpavilionpassingthroughtheroofthenthefloorbeforeembeddingitsselfin the mud below with out exploding.